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NORDLAND - TROMS - FINNMARK - SVALBARD

 Nyrud gård

 
Nyrud gård ( Nyrud Farm)
Address: Øvre Pasvik, 9925 Svanvik
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Architect: Ingvald Eriksen
Client: Ingvald Eriksen
Construction System /
Materials:
Timber; notched log construction; turf
Building Type: Farm site; police statio
Year of Construction: 1920
Nyrud Police Station was originally Nyrud Farm, and is situated right to the south of Pasvikdalen. Nyrud was one of four farms at the top of Pasvik. Nyrud Farm was established and the land cleared around 1920. The state took over the farm in 1955. Since then, the place has functioned as either a permanent station or an outlying station for the border police. Since the construction of Hestefoss power station started in 1966, Nyrud has been a permanent station: in other words one with permanent staff. At Nyrud today the farmhouse stands in the middle and four small outhouses/storehouses make a row, some of which date from the period when it was a farm. An additional wing has been built to house a garage, office and other things in more recent times.
The farmhouse, dating from around 1920, has a mid-hallway layout and extends over one and a half storeys, plus cellar. The main storey today contains five rooms in all (porch, hallway, sitting-room with fireplace, kitchen and bathroom). The hallway leads to a large kitchen oriented towards the north-west. The kitchen leads in turn to a small bathroom that may originally have been a pantry. To the south-east lies the sitting-room, which is
linked to the present-day kitchen.

The mid-hallway layout is also known as a midtkammerbygning (mid-chamber building), in Swedish parstuga. In Sweden and Finland the mid-hallway layout was known from as early as the sixteenth century, whereas in Norway it originates from Østlandet during the first half of the eighteenth century. Fogdgården in Vadsø was built as a mid-hallway house as early as 1743. This type of layout was used over large parts of the country during the nineteenth century, including the coast of Northern Norway. It was probably only the largest farms and trading places that had this type of house. The ground-plan is symmetrical in principle, with an entrance and hallway in the middle and a large room on either side. At Nyrud this type of layout was being used as late as around 1920.
Literature: Wikan, Steinar: Kolonisering og bureising i Pasvikdalen, Oslo 1980
Wikan, Steinar: Noatun: En ødemarksgård i Øvre Pasvik, Oslo 1991
Publisher: The University of Tromsø, 07.10.2009
Author: I.H.U
Photographer: I.H.U 2004



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